The security situation in Europe has deteriorated to its lowest point since the end of the Cold War.
NATO and Russian military forces operate in much closer proximity than just a few years ago, previous
lines of NATO-Russia communications have broken down, and the nuclear and conventional arms
control system that took decades to build is rapidly unraveling, with nothing to take its place.
In June 2020 and Institute for US and Canadian Studies and Institute of Europe of the Russian Academy
of Sciences together launched an international project prevention of a military conflict between NATO
and Russia. We conducted 20 online seminars involving a core group of about three dozen of well-
known experts from the United States, Russia and other European countries. After six months of work
the group has produced “Recommendations of the Participants of the NATO–Russia Expert Dialogue on
Military Risk Reduction in Europe”.
These Recommendations have been signed by 145 specialists, including 16 former ministers of foreign
affairs and defense, 24 former high-placed diplomats and 27 retired Generals and Admirals. The
document suggests that NATO and Russia should adopt practical measures to ease military tensions and
avert a situation in which a crisis could escalate.